The first tender locomotive in the world was a four-cylinder compound locomotive, designed by Gaston du Bousquet for the Chemin de Fer du Nord in France in 1911.Since it was designed for the Paris-Saint Petersburg express, it was named the Baltic after the Baltic Sea, which was a logical extension of the naming convention that started with the in the United States of America, the J-1 of the New York Central Railroad, was built in 1927 to the railroad’s design by the American Locomotive Company (ALCO). 6402 reached 103.5 miles per hour (166.6 kilometres per hour) and, in 1936, the German class 05.002 reached 124.5 miles per hour (200.4 kilometres per hour).They were originally built as oil-burners and reverted to this type of fuel between 19, when oil prices were low. compound locomotive designed by Gaston du Bousquet for the French Chemin de Fer du Nord, of which two (3.1101 and 3.1102) were built at the company's workshops in 1911, was the first tender locomotive in the world with this wheel arrangement.With its 1,830 millimetres (72 inches) coupled wheels, it was very fast and one of them achieved 144 kilometres per hour (89 miles per hour) during a test run. 1803, the last Class Pr2 in service, was withdrawn in May 1960. Named the Baltic since it was intended for service on the Paris-Saint Petersburg express, its most remarkable feature was the en echelon arrangement of the two low-pressure inside cylinders in order to accommodate the very large bore. Although they were not multiplied, they were the forerunners of the highly successful One survives in the Musée français du chemin de fer (French national railway museum) at Mulhouse in eastern France, cut up in sectioned form to display its interior during the World Exhibition in Paris in 1937. France also produced some of the last Baltic locomotives.The Indonesian C27 class locomotive of the Java Staatsspoorwegen was introduced to Java by the Netherlands colonial administration.
Of these, 458 went to the Prussian state railways and subsequently the Deutsche Reichsbahn, where they became the DRG Class 78.In general, the available tractive effort differed little from that of the Pacific, but the steam-raising ability was increased, giving more power at speed.The was best suited to high-speed running across flat terrain.represents the wheel arrangement of four leading wheels, six powered and coupled driving wheels and four trailing wheels.In France where the type was first used, it is known as the Baltic while it became known as the Hudson in most of North America.